AISI or SAE 4130 grade is a low-alloy steel containing chromium and molybdenum as strengthening agents. The steel has good strength and toughness, weldability and machinability.
AISI/SAE 4130 grade is a versatile alloy with good atmospheric corrosion resistance and reasonable strength. It shows good overall combinations of strength, toughness. and fatigue strength.
This low-alloy steel finds many applications as forgings in the aerospace and oil and gas industries – as forged valve bodies and pumps –, as well as in the automotive, agricultural and defense industries.
|Grade||C||Si||Mn||P MAX||S MAX||Cr||Mo|
|Cold Rolled||0.5-4mm||10-1000mm||200-9000mm or Coil|
Annealing of 4130 may be carried out by transferring the part straight from the forging operation to a furnace held at a suitable temperature, around 1575 º F (860º C) for annealing, holding for a suitable time then furnace cooling. In this way a structure suitable for machining may be obtained. This treatment is best used for parts with simple shapes. If the forging is such that some sections (of the forging) will finish much colder than others then a uniform structure will not be obtained and for best results a spheroidizing anneal at around 1380 º F (750 º C) may be used. It is safe to say that experience alone will decide the best type of annealing treatment to be used prior to machining.
This process is defined as heating a steel to a temperature above the ferrite to austenite transformation temperature, then cooling in air to a temperature well below this transformation temperature. The treatment may be carried out on forged or rolled products as a conditioning treatment prior to final heat treatment. Normalizing also serves to refine the structure of forgings that might have cooled non-uniformly from their forging operation. The nominal normalizing temperature for 4130 grade is 1650 º F (900 º C), but production experience may necessitate a temperature either 50 º F (10 º C) above or below this figure. In fact when forgings are normalized before, say, carburizing or hardening and tempering, the upper range of normalizing temperatures is used. When normalizing is the final heat treatment, the lower temperature range is used.
The alloy is readily machinable. Simple shapes might be machined following a normalizing treatment, whereas more complex shapes will require annealing. For optimum machinability a coarse pearlitic structure with minimum ferrite is normally recommended.
AISI 4130 steel is also good in weldability, and the 4130 alloy may be welded by any commercial method. The material may require a post-weld stress relief heat treatment in certain instances.
Low-hydrogen electrodes are recommended together with preheat at 150 – 260 º C (300 – 500 º F) to be maintained during welding, Cool slowly and stress relieve where possible.